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加油站

如何保证安全加油

时间:2013-9-30 14:23:19来源:BoatTest.c

How to Refuel Safely Every Time

如何保证每次都能安全的加油

Every year there are dozens of boat explosions after refueling. In fact, with a gasoline-powered boat, the moments just after refueling when the blowers are turned on and the engines are started is the precise time when explosions are most likely to occur. Fuel leaks can occur on any boat at any time in any number of places. While explosions after refueling typically happen on older boats, Murphy’s Law holds true for new boats as well.

每年都有数十艘船只在加油后爆炸。事实上,汽油动力的船只在刚刚完成加油,启动发动机时是最有可能发生爆炸的。燃料泄漏可能发生在任何地方任何时间任何船只上。虽然加油后的爆炸通常发生在较旧的船只上,但是墨菲法则也适用于新船(对新船来说不管爆炸的概率再小,我们也不能假设它不存在)。

Refueling

加油

Don’t rely on the fueling station attendant to tell you how to refuel. You are responsible for safe refueling.

不要指望加油站服务员告诉你如何加油,你要对自己和船的安全负责。

During our 41 years chronicling recreational boating one thing that seems constant over the years is the recurrence of many boat explosions in the very same circumstances: Just after fueling and usually in older boats. According to the 2009 USCG Accident Report, there were 174 accidents related to fuel and three deaths. Read the simple steps to fueling safety...

在我们41年的经验中,众多游艇一个接一个走上他们已故先辈的老路,通常发生在较旧的船只上。根据2009年美国海岸警卫队事故报告,有174起事故涉及燃料爆炸,并有3人死亡。故而了解简单的加油方法可以让您安全加油……

 

Boat Explosions

Old Boats At Highest Risk

船只爆炸

老船最危险

Because the boat explodes and sinks or is seriously damaged by fire, it is usually impossible for fire marshals to determine exactly what went wrong. Our theory as to why older boats explode occasionally after fueling is because wires leading to the blower or the ignition have become frayed over the years of bouncing and slamming around and when one or the other is turned on when there is a fuel leak – kaboom!

船只因为爆炸而下沉或因为火灾造成严重伤害的事情消防人员几乎是不可能确定事故到底是因何而起。我们认为较旧的船只在加油后爆炸是因为

It may seem boy-scout to go through the procedures outlined below, but it is the best way to keep yourself and loved ones safe. It is also what virtually every veteran we know who operates a gasoline-powered boat does religiously. It only adds five minutes to your time at the fuel dock and if the skipper of the vessel is the one doing it while another member of the crew is settling-up the bill with the attendant, it may add no time at all.

 

How to Refuel Safely

如何安全加油

1. Close all ports and hatches before refueling to keep fumes from the fill from entering the boat.

1.关闭所有的开关和舱口,并在汽油加入船前保持发动机的机动。

2. Ask occupants to stand on the dock before refueling.

2.加油前,请成员站在码头上。

3. After fueling is complete, open the engine hatch, stick your head down in the compartment and sniff for fumes. The human nose is the best fume detector.

3. 加油完成后,打开发动机舱盖,用你的头探入舱内嗅探烟雾。人的鼻子是最好的烟雾探测器。

4. Keep the hatch open and give the engine compartment time to dissipate any gas fumes which might be there.

4. 保持舱门打开,用时间来消散发动机舱内可能的烟雾。

5. Visually inspect for signs of fuel in the bilge, dripping from the fuel-fill pipe or at fuel line connections, of which there are usually a minimum of four.

5. 观察汽油有没有流到舱底,燃料填充管道或燃料管线连接处有没有油滴,通常至少有四个接口。

6. When all looks and smells safe, turn on the engine blower and run it for 4 to 5 minutes, depending on guidance from your boat manual or the plate affixed next to the helm.

6. 当所有的情况都正常,打开发动机风扇4-5分钟,并保证你的游艇说明书在你的身边

7. Start your engines. Then ask your passengers to board.

7. 开动你的引擎,然后告诉你的乘客上传

Boat Explosions

Preventative Maintenance

船只爆炸

预防性维护

Our advice is simply to get in the habit of following the above simple procedures until they become second nature. Your diligence will also rub off on those around you and teach them proper safety procedures as well.

我们建议您完全按照上述的程序操作,直至它们成为您的自然习惯。您的努力也会改变您周围的人,并教会他们如何进行安全的加油程序。

Obviously, preventative maintenance is the best way to avoid boat fires and explosions. Periodic inspections of your fuel lines from the fill to the tank and from the tank to the engines is in order for all gasoline-powered boats. Likewise, electrical wires to the blower, engine and all other equipment should be inspected as far as possible for abrasion.

显然,例行的预防性维护是避免船只的火灾和爆炸最有效的方式。从油箱到水箱再到发动机的燃油管路定期检查是所有汽油动力的船只不可缺少的工作。同样的,风机、发动机和所有其他设备的电线应尽可能检查老化程度。

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